60 New Species Discovered in South America

60

An international team of field biologists with Conservation International just came back from an incredible expedition! The team traveled to the remote forests of Southeastern Suriname, in South America, an area that holds 25% of the world’s remaining rainforest.

forests of Southeastern Suriname
Forests and mountains of Southeastern Suriname © Trond Larsen

For three weeks the field biologists, with the help of the local indigenous community, ventured deep into this mountainous region. The team worked to survey species in four sites ranging from low floodplains to isolated mountain peaks. They collected tons of information, like water samples and 1,378 species. This area was so rich in biodiversity that they uncovered 60 species that are potentially new to science. The new species they found include six frogs, one snake, 11 fish and many insects. Meet two of the new species the scientists discovered:

lilliputian_beetle
lilliputian beetle © Trond Larsen
 
 
 

Name: lilliputian beetle (Canthidium cf. minimum)
Details:
This tiny brightly coloured red beetle is only 2.3mm, which has earned it the title of the second smallest dung beetle in South America.

cocoa_frog
chocolate-colored “cocoa” frog © Stuart V Nielsen

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Name: Cocoa frog (Hemigrammus aff. Ocellifer)
Details: This frog reminds everyone of chocolate because of its brown colour. They have a sleek body and round discs on their fingers and toes to help them climb into the treetops.

 
 
 
 

Being An Explorer

 

Many of the planet’s wild spaces have been developed, that’s why it’s so important for us to protect the areas that remain, like the forests of Suriname. Conservation International has been working with the local government and communities to assess what species live in Suriname and ensure they are protected. The scientists discovering new species in Suriname are a really important part of this conservation plan, because the more we know about an ecosystem, the better we can protect it. Being a field biologist and getting to explore places like remote rainforests in South America sounds really exciting, but it’s also a tough job and sometimes dangerous. When the rainforest flooded the scientists had to pack up and get out quick! In this video the team escapes the flooded forest thanks to the help of a local guide who took them through the raising water in wooden canoes.


The scientists escape rising waters in a canoe after a heavy rainstorm © Andrew Short

More Expedition Photos

Coprophanaeus lancifer
Coprophanaeus lancifer

The largest of all South American dung beetles, despite their name they feed more on carrion (dead animals) than on dung © Trond Larsen

Wolf spider
Wolf spider

While walking in the rainforest scientists spotted this rare event, a large wolf spider eating a toxic poison-dart frog (Amereega trivitatta) © Trond Larsen

False coral snake (Erythrolamprus aesculpi)
False coral snake (Erythrolamprus aesculpi)

One of the 19 snake species encountered on the expedition, their bright colours fool predators into thinking they have the deadly venom of a coral snake © Piotr Naskrecki

Poison dart frog (Anomaloglossus sp.)
Poison dart frog (Anomaloglossus sp.)

This frog is one of the newly discovered species. Poison dart frogs are famous for the often powerful toxins they secrete © Trond Larsen

Flooded camp
Flooded camp

Heavy rain caused the Upper Palumeu River to flood its banks, submerging the scientists camp partially under water © Trond Larsen

Tree frog (Hypsiboas geographicus)
Tree frog (Hypsiboas geographicus)

46 frog species were found during the expedition, including this tree frog © Trond Larsen

 

Would you want to work as a field biologist? If so, where in the world would you love to explore? Post your comment below.

 

Find our more about Conservation International

 
Earth Rangers is a non-profit organization that works to inspire and educate children about the environment. At EarthRangers.com kids can play games, discover amazing facts, meet animal ambassadors and fundraise to protect biodiversity.

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